At least seven million jobs could be lost over the next five years due to the changes in the world economy, which the World Economic Forum called the “fourth industrial revolution.”
Two days after the start of the Davos Forum, the organization that organized it presented a report on Monday analyzing the changes that the world economy and the labor market will suffer in the next half decade.
The study says that because of automation, the world will lose seven million “office” jobs.
The study predicts development in the areas of artificial intelligence, robotics, nanotechnology and 3D printing.
This transformation will make some jobs superfluous and unnecessary, but at the same time open up the opportunity for another wide range of functions.
One of the greatest impacts of this new industrial revolution will soon be felt in the labor market. Report prepared by the Forum, based on research in 15 major developed and emerging economies, predicts a net loss of 7.1 million jobs by 2020 due to redundancy, automation or disintermediation, affecting mainly certain administrative jobs. This loss could be partially offset by the creation of 2.1 million jobs in more specialized areas such as computing, math, architecture and engineering, as well as in the media and entertainment areas.
The expectation is that more repetitive intellectual works may be replaced by robotization. Schwab believes that, within 10 years, a bank’s financial adviser will probably be a robot equipped with artificial intelligence to advise the client to invest.
WHY IS ARCHITECTURE PROTECTED?
Although most of the time, the work as an architect is also considered an “office”, there is an important difference in relation to the other services exposed above. Architects work with ideas and creativity, and no “robot” can fully replace this, because Architecture depends on the wishes, feelings and very subjective issues of both clients and professionals.
Another exciting factor is that the world will not stop building. Civil construction, whether of homes, public buildings and commercial buildings, will continue in high demand, even with normal seasonality and country and country variation. And the work of the architect will undoubtedly remain essential for the world to continue to raise new projects.
In addition, the architect has the challenge of building better cities. Everyone expects cities to improve work environments, homes and transportation better. The architect will continue to collaborate a lot for all this – says Jerônimo de Moraes, president of the Architecture and Urbanism Council of Rio de Janeiro.
However, this fourth industrial revolution, that of robotization, will not fail to directly influence our career. We can notice that the contemporary architect depends and needs more and more advanced software and programs so that if work is executed with greater accuracy and the fewest errors.
The client, when looking for a professional architect, wants to get an increasingly realistic representation of what he wants, and everything in less time and cost. Thus, even if the future scenario is favorable to the career of Architect, those who are “stopped” in time and do not adapt to these new demands of the professional market can suffer the consequences.
Therefore, graduation is not enough. Qualification, post-graduation and, above all, keeping abreast of new technologies which will emerge day after day and be fully present in the professional life of the architect will be more than necessary to successfully survive this new future that the world economy in reservation.